The Purple Heart is awarded in the name of the President of the United States, the Purple Heart is awarded to any soldier who while serving after 5 April 1917, in the Armed Forces of the United States has been injured or killed, or who has died or may be expected die after being wounded: (1) In any conflict against an enemy of the United States; (2) While involved in conflict with an opposing armed force of a foreign country that the United States military is or has been engaged; (3) While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in combat against an opposing military in which the United States is not a belligerent party; (4) Because of a result of the actions of any enemy of conflicting armed forces; (5) Because of an act of any unfriendly foreign force; (6) After 28 March 1973, because of an international terrorist attack upon the United States or another nation friendly to the United States. This attack must have been recognized as a terrorist attack by the Secretary or Secretaries of the department/departments involved (if more than one department are injured in the attack); (7) After 28 March 1973, while a part of a peacekeeping force serving in a foreign land, because of military force; (8) After 7 December 1941, by weapon fire while immediately involved in combat, with disregard to the fire which actually caused the wound; (9) During time in captivity or while being taken prisoner of war. After 7 December 1941, it has been awarded to persons that died while held as a POW. The wound justifying the award must have demanded treatment by a medical officer.